Average Cost Of Health Insurance (2019)

Find the Cheapest Health Insurance Quotes in Your Area

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Health insurance premiums have risen dramatically over the past decade. In the past, insurers would price your health insurance based on any number of factors, but after the Affordable Care Act, the number of variables that impact your health insurance costs have been reduced dramatically. We conducted a study to look at how health insurance premiums vary based on these characteristics. In our data we illustrate these differences by using an example 21 year old. Older consumers will see higher rates with 30 year olds paying 1.135 times more, 40 year olds paying 1.278 times more, 50 year olds paying 1.786x and 64 year olds paying 2.714 times the cost listed.

Average Cost Of Health Insurance

One of the primary factors in your individual health insurance costs is your location, as prices will vary depending on the state and county where you live. In this first table we look at health insurance premiums and how they differ based upon the state you reside in.

Monthly and Annual Health Insurance Rates by State (Age 21)

State

Monthly Health InsuranceAnnual Health Insurance% Change vs Avg.

Alaska

$426$5,11273%

Alabama

2172,604-12%

Arkansas

2362,832-4%

Arizona

2472,9640%

Delaware

2553,0604%

Florida

2853,42016%

Georgia

2533,0363%

Iowa

2513,0122%

Illinois

2442,928-1%

Indiana

2763,31212%

Kansas

1962,352-20%

Louisiana

2843,40815%

Maine

2713,25210%

Michigan

2513,0122%

Missouri

2543,0483%

Mississippi

2342,808-5%

Montana

2102,520-15%

North Carolina

2703,24010%

North Dakota

2422,904-2%

Nebraska

2432,916-1%

New Hampshire

2462,9520%

New Jersey

3073,68425%

New Mexico

2112,532-14%

Nevada

2793,34813%

Ohio

2583,0965%

Oklahoma

2092,508-15%

Oregon

2062,472-16%

Pennsylvania

2312,772-6%

South Carolina

2492,9881%

South Dakota

2352,820-4%

Tennessee

2252,700-9%

Texas

2392,868-3%

Utah

1802,160-27%

Virginia

2222,664-10%

Wisconsin

2803,36014%

West Virginia

2422,904-2%

Wyoming

3664,39249%
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Average Health Insurance Premiums By Metal Tier

Health insurance plans are separated into different metal tiers based on the proportion of health care costs the insurance plan is expected to cover. Catastrophic and Bronze plans cover the smallest proportion, having the highest deductibles, copays and coinsurance. On the other end of the spectrum, Platinum plans offer the greatest amount coverage, expected to cover 90% of all costs.

The average rates paid for health insurance plans are inversely related to the amount of coverage they provide, with Platinum plans being the most expensive and Bronze / Catastrophic plans being the cheapest. The following table shows the average rates a 21 year old would pay for individual health insurance based on plans in the different tiers. Older consumers would see their plans increase according to the age scale set by the federal guidelines.

Monthly and Annual Health Insurance Rates by Metal Tier (Age 21)

Type

Monthly PremiumAnnual Premium

Catastrophic

$167$1,999

Bronze

$201$2,411

Silver

$247$2,961

Gold

$291$3,487

Platinum

$363$4,360

Average Rates By Plan Type

Another distinction between plans that can change the rates you pay, is the type of network the plan uses. Depending on whether the plan is a PPO, HMO, EPO or POS plan, consumers will have access to the health care providers managed in different ways. HMOs tend to be the most restrictive about which doctors you can see and what you must do to see them. This usually means that the insurers save on your cost of care and thereby provide lower premiums.

Monthly and Annual Health Insurance Rates by Plan Type (Age 21)

Type

Monthly RateAnnual Rate

HMO

$230$2,764

POS

$244$2,928

PPO

$251$3,019

EPO

$254$3,056

Factors that Impact the Cost of Health Insurance

For a particular health insurance plan, the cost of coverage is determined by a limited set of factors, which have been set by law. States can limit the degree to which these factors impact your rates--for instance, some states like California and New York don't allow the cost of health insurance to differ based on tobacco use.

  • Age: The healthcare cost per person covered by a policy will be set according to their age, with rates increasing as the individual gets older. Children up to the age of 14 will cost a flat rate to add to a health plan, but premiums typically increase annually beginning at age 15.
  • Where You Live: Health insurance companies determine the set of policies offered and the cost of coverage based on the state and county you live in. So a resident of Miami-Dade County in Florida, for instance, may pay cheaper rates for the same policy than a resident of Jackson County.
  • Smoking/Tobacco Use: If you smoke, you can pay up to 50% higher rates for health insurance, though the maximum increase is determined by state.
  • Number of People Insured: The total cost of a health plan is set according to the number of people covered by it, as well as each person's age and tobacco use. For example, a family of three, with two adults and a child, would pay a much higher health insurance premium each month than an individual.

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