Pet insurance can be a good way to protect your wallet if your cat needs an expensive accident or illness treatment. For around $25 a month, policyholders can be fully or partially reimbursed for eligible medical procedures. In general, it's best to insure your cat when they're still young and healthy. Older cats can miss some of the benefits of insurance if they have issues related to preexisting conditions, which are excluded from insurance coverage.
- How Does Cat Insurance Work?
- How Much Does Cat Insurance Cost?
- What Does Cat Insurance Cover?
- Is Cat Insurance Worth It?
How Cat Insurance Coverage Works
Pet health insurance has a similar payment structure to regular healthcare. Policyholders can choose their desired deductible, reimbursement level and annual maximum, with more insurance coverage leading to higher monthly premiums. However, unlike regular healthcare providers, pet insurers require you to pay for bills with your own money upfront and then file a claim for reimbursement after. This means that regardless of your coverage level, you'll have to pay for the entirety of the bill out of pocket first. Here are the main terms:
|Monthly Premium||The money you must pay to your insurer each month for coverage. Depending on your plan, this will likely range from as low as $10 to as high as $100.|
|Annual/Incident Deductible||The dollar amount you have to pay annually, or for a specific treatment, before your insurance company pays anything. Deductible options range from as low as $0 to as high as $1000, with lower deductibles leading to higher monthly premiums.|
|Reimbursement Level||The percentage of a medical bill that an insurer will pay after you pay your deductible.|
|Annual Maximum||The maximum amount that your insurer will pay towards eligible medical bills each year. This amount usually ranges from $5,000 to $15,000. Plans with incident and lifetime maxes are available but increasingly less common.|
It's important to think about the total cost of insurance when choosing your coverage level. For example, a high deductible, low reimbursement level and low annual max will give you the cheapest coverage for your cat, but you'll also get the least financial benefit when you do need to be reimbursed for a treatment. On the other hand, the most comprehensive plans will heavily reimburse your cat's eligible treatments, but the monthly cost will likely not be worth the reimbursement benefit.
To give you an idea of how the deductible, reimbursement level and annual max work together, we obtained some sample quotes from a top insurer and compared how different plans would reimburse a sample $7,000 radiation therapy for a metastasized cancer for a pet cat.
|Plan||Deductible||Reimbursement Level||Annual Max||Monthly Premium|
To pick your coverage level, think about how much you can reasonably pay each month, but also how big of a hit your savings could take if your cat needed the expensive procedure (in this case, radiation therapy). The main purpose of insuring your cat is to reduce—not necessarily eliminate—the cost of expensive procedures and treatments. In almost all cases, you'll end up paying something towards your pet's medical bill. This is why it's important to pick a deductible, reimbursement level and annual max with sufficient coverage for large costs.
How Much Does Cat Insurance Cost?
The monthly cost of cat insurance ranges from as low as $10 to higher than $80. The cheapest cat insurance plans only cover injuries and are known as "accident-only plans." These cost between $10 and $20 per month and are good for owners with healthy but injury prone cats, especially if they spend a lot of time outdoors.
On average, the most comprehensive plans that cover both accidents and illnesses cost between $20 and $40 per month. These plans cover everything from cancer to infections to wounds from your cat's scrap with the neighborhood raccoon. However, keep in mind that if your cat has had many previous ailments in the past, it's possible that new illnesses won't be eligible if they're even tangentially related to a previous problem.
Costs by Breed
Insurance costs between cat breeds can vary by as much as 50%. The most expensive breeds to insure are usually active cats or those with a higher risk of developing genetic conditions. For example, the Abyssinian cat is one of the most expensive to insure because it is a playful, active breed with a high risk of developing dental disease, knee problems, eye problems and kidney failure. Conversely, healthier breeds are cheaper to insure. Of the ten most popular breeds, the Tonkinese has the lowest insurance costs due to its healthy genes and strong immune system.
To find out how much the most popular cat breeds cost to insure, we obtained quotes across ten breeds from a leading insurer. The quotes are for a four year old cat and for a plan with a $250 deductible, 80% reimbursement level and $5,000 annual maximum.
Costs by Age
The cost of insuring an older cat is significantly higher than for a younger cat. This is because kittens tend to have minimal health problems, while older cats are more injury-prone and susceptible to disease. Within most plans, your monthly premium will rise as your cat ages. To see how age affects costs, we got quotes for a plan that has a $250 deductible, 80% reimbursement level and $5,000 annual maximum.
As you can see, the cost of insuring a 15 year old cat is 3.7x the cost of insuring a kitten that's just a year old. In the case of our sample cat, monthly costs were $30 or less up to age six, and began to grow by a few dollars with each birthday.
What's Included and Excluded
Most injuries and illnesses that your cat gets will be eligible for coverage, as long they're not related to preexisting or hereditary conditions. This is the major exclusion to pet insurance plans, as no insurer across the industry will cover preexisting conditions. In general, things like routine check-ups, grooming and dental health expenses are also not covered in normal cat insurance plans. Some policies allow you to pay a bit more for wellness and dental expenses, but purchasing these add-ons usually isn't an economical decision.
|Included in Coverage||Excluded from Coverage|
|Accidents Illnesses Injuries||Routine check-ups Preventative care Grooming Preexisting conditions Hereditary|
Unfortunately, the preexisting condition exclusion can eliminate a lot of ailments from eligibility if your cat has a history of illness. For example, some insurers won't cover any kidney, heart or high blood pressure issues if your cat was diagnosed with hyperthyroidism before you purchased a policy—and if your was diagnosed for any type of mass, then some insurers won't cover them for cancer. This is why it's particularly important to read the details of your specific policy, identify what conditions your cat previously had, and learn what future conditions or follow-on procedures will be excluded.
|Rank||Condition||Percentage of Annual Claims|
|6||Inflammatory Bowel Disease||2.5%|
|8||Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)||2.2%|
|9||Urinary Tract Infection||1.9%|
Kitten Insurance vs. Insurance for Older Cats
If you're a new pet owner and you're considering getting an insurance plan, know that it's best to enroll your kitten as soon as possible. Your kitten is starting out with a clean slate - there's a lower chance that he or she will have preexisting conditions, which means that more future illnesses will be eligible for reimbursement. Most insurance companies start covering kittens when they turn eight months old, so you'll have to pay out of pocket for all medical bills that are incurred before the eight month mark.
If you have an older cat, it's possible that you're ineligible for pet insurance. Though the requirements vary by insurer, most will stop covering cats when they reach a certain age. This is because older cats can incur significant medical costs for which insurers don't want to be liable, unless you've been a policyholder for years. Depending on your situation, you might be better off without insurance for your older cat—especially if your cat has an extensive history of illnesses that could be considered preexisting conditions.
Pet Insurance for Cats: Is It Worth It?
As mentioned above, the best time to buy cat insurance is when your pet is young, healthy and has had few, if any, medical problems in the past. The monthly cost of insuring your kitten will be much lower if you buy a plan early, although premiums will rise as your pet gets older. For older cats, pet insurance might not be worth it. The exclusion of preexisting and hereditary conditions will probably eliminate many of the treatments your cat will need, and you could end up paying hundreds per year for minimal coverage.
No matter the age of your cat, buying an insurance plan is meant to give you peace of mind. If you've developed a strong connection and wouldn't want to put your cat down for financial reasons, then an insurance plan could potentially help you afford life-saving treatment. If you're struggling to decide whether it's worth it, keep in mind that you'll have to pay for medical costs upfront either way. This is why it's always a good idea to have a savings account for emergency pet expenses.