Which Holiday Weekends are Most Dangerous for Drivers?

Every year millions of Americans hit the road for the holidays, especially ones like Thanksgiving and Christmas. Do certain holidays tend to be more dangerous than others though? We took at look at the Fatality Analysis Reporting System to see which holidays had the most fatal car accidents (where at least one person was killed), per year between 2011 and 2015.

How Each Major Holiday Weekend Ranks for Fatal Car Accidents

  • Memorial Day Weekend

    312 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest City: Houston

  • Labor Day Weekend

    308 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest City: Los Angeles

  • 4th of July Weekend

    307 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest City: Houston

  • Easter Weekend

    280 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest City: Los Angeles

  • Thanksgiving Weekend

    258 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest Cities: Los Angeles

  • New Year's

    245 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest Cities: Houston

  • Christmas

    231 fatal accidents per year

    Deadliest Cities: San Antonio

Where Do Fatal Accidents Happen During the Holidays?

map shows the density of fatal accidents for different holidays in the US

The red regions in the maps above represent the spots that get the highest density of fatal accidents. On a normal 3 day period, the stretch between Washington D.C., Baltimore, Philadelphia and New York see the most fatal accidents. When it comes to the holidays however, some cities and states get more accidents than normal. On New Year's and Easter for example, Atlanta and Houston get a fatal accident density similar to the northeast. While Memorial Day and Labor Day Weekends had more fatal accidents per year than 4th of July Weekends, these maps show that the crashes that happened on 4th of July Weekend were more widespread. The far midwest and top of the southwestern United States are either safer drivers on Memorial and Labor Day weekends or don't seem to celebrate it like the rest of the country. On 4th of July however, those regions also experience a higher density of car accidents

Are Holidays More Dangerous to Drive than Normal Days?

Yes and no. Between 2011 and 2015, the average number of fatal accidents per day was 83.91. Labor Day, Memorial Day and 4th of July weekends, ranked as one of the riskiest times of the year to get into a fatal accident. The day of July 4th is the single most risky day of the year based on this five year data. Thanksgiving can be more dangerous or safer depending on the exact day, with Thanksgiving proper being safer than a normal day. Christmas and New Years are also like this. New Years Day, particularly the early morning hours, are one of the riskiest times of the year. The weekend itself however, including the 31st and 2nd, are generally safer than most normal days.

Holidays Increase the Chance of Getting Into a Drunk Driving Accident

Every holiday weekend increases your chances of getting into a drunk driving accident. About 40% of all accidents that have happened on Memorial Day weekend between 2011 and 2015 included a drunk driver. About a 43% increase from a normal 3 day span. Easter, though having less total fatal accidents than Labor Day, actually had a greater percentage of drunk driving fatal accidents.

Methodology

To find how dangerous each holiday was, we looked at the FARS (Fatality Analysis Reporting System) of the National Traffic and Highway Safety Administration. We took their "Accident" data from 2011 until 2015 and used it to count the number of accidents that occurred on the holidays we listed above in the U.S. between those years. The holidays we use were actually the associated weekend. For holidays that fall on a Monday, like Memorial and Labor Day, we used the preceding 2 days. Each holiday however was a total of 3 days worth of data for each year between 2011 and 2015.

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