Your driver's license may be suspended for several reasons — for instance, driving under the influence or driving recklessly. You can even lose your license for driving without car insurance.
But what most drivers don't know is that a surprising number of nondriving violations can result in the suspension of your license.
While laws vary by state, there are more than a dozen ways your license can get suspended that have nothing to do with your actions behind the wheel or even the number of unpaid parking tickets in your glove compartment.
Reasons your license may be suspended
This is by no means an exhaustive list, but it's a good representation of many of the non-vehicle related reasons your state's department of motor vehicles may suspend your license. Furthermore, if you're a frequent offender, your state could permanently revoke your license or even send you to jail.
Note: While we tried to list as many states as possible for these offenses, make sure to check on your specific situation with your state.
1. Failure to pay child support
If you are delinquent on child support payments — the amount and timing vary by region — you could have your license suspended. You'll be notified and given the chance to correct the situation before that happens. Also, in some states, you may be able to apply for a temporary license if losing your car would make it hard to get to work and earn income to make child support payments.
Where this applies: All 50 states
2. Underage purchase, possession or consumption of alcohol
If you're under the legal drinking age and are caught tippling — and in some cases, smoking tobacco — you could get your license suspended. Most states suspend licenses for 30 days up to a year, depending on the state and how often you've committed this offense.
Where this applies: Most states
3. Doing illegal things with your license
In some states, you could end up with a suspension if you use a fake driver's license, misrepresent details on your license or share your license with someone else. Other ways you'll run afoul of the law and risk license suspension: having multiple licenses or using your license for illegal purposes, such as committing fraud.
Where this applies: Most states
4. Conviction for a drug offense
Details vary by state, but if you're convicted of a drug-related offense, your license may be in jeopardy.
Where this applies: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Texas
5. Defaulting on your student loans
Considering that the average U.S. student loan debt is nearly $33,000 per borrower, it may be tempting to skip out on paying your balance. But in addition to financial penalties, failing to pay your federal student loans could also result in a license suspension in some states. That means you'll need to deal with the DMV in addition to your lender.
Where this applies: Iowa, South Dakota
6. Skipping school
If the "be cool, stay in school" campaign doesn't motivate you to show up at high school on a daily basis, perhaps this fact will. Some states will take away your privilege to drive if you frequently miss class. In Florida, for example, drivers under the age of 18 can have their learner's permits or licenses suspended for missing more than 15 days of school with unexcused absences within a 90-day period. Your driver's license could also be suspended in some states, like Vermont, if you drop out of school.
Where this applies: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Nevada, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin
7. Writing bad checks
If you accidentally bounce a check, that's one thing. But if you're writing bad checks on purpose, it can result in a license suspension in some states.
Where this applies: Florida, Indiana
8. Boating while intoxicated
If drinking and driving can lead to a license suspension, you can see why drinking and piloting a boat would be equally discouraged. If you get caught operating a boat while drunk, you could lose your ability to drive on land.
Where this applies: Alaska, Arkansas, California, Hawaii, Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Oregon, Texas, Utah
9. Failing to pay what you owe to the state
Owing money to your state can cost you your license, at least temporarily. Usually this is for large debts, around $10,000 or more, and the state will notify you of the situation before taking away your driving privileges.
Where this applies: Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Wisconsin
While you may think you're the next Banksy, many governments consider it vandalism to spray paint artwork on public buildings. Drawing graffiti in the Golden State, for instance, results in a driver's license suspension.
Where this applies: California
11. Advocating the overthrow of the government
The Revolutionary War gave us our great nation, but these days, you could face a fine or even prison time if you're convicted of this offense. In New York, you could also lose your ability to drive your car.
Where this applies: New York
12. Operating an amusement ride while intoxicated
While this applies to a very specific subset of the population — amusement park and carnival ride operators — it's a big no-no. You could lose your driver's license if you operate or assemble an amusement ride while under the influence.
Where this applies: Texas
13. Parental withdrawal
Typically, parents must give minor children permission to obtain a driver's license. But if you're under the age of 18 and somehow screw up this privilege, Mom and Dad can withdraw that permission, effectively suspending your license.
Where this applies: Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin
How long is a driver's license suspension?
The length of the license suspension depends on the state, the severity of the offense and whether you're a repeat offender. But many suspensions run from about 30 days up to a year.
What's the impact of having a suspended license?
Obviously, you can't drive with a suspended license. If you get caught driving with one, the state may impose a fine, extend the length of your license suspension or even send you to jail. And the penalties increase if you're a repeat offender.
That said, you might be eligible for a "hardship license" that allows you to drive in some cases. For example, you may be able to drive to work if you have no other way to get there. But there are limitations. You can't take your vacation road trip using your hardship license, for example.
There's also the matter of ID. Often — but not always — you must surrender your driver's license, leaving you without photo identification unless you have a passport. You may be able to get an identification card from your municipality, and the court can instruct you on how and where to do that.
With a license suspension, you can work your way back into the good graces of the law by paying a reinstatement fee and fulfilling other terms outlined by the court or the department of motor vehicles.
And if your license is revoked, your driving privilege is usually permanently taken away and you can't legally drive in that state again.
How can I get my suspended license reinstated?
Restoring your license will generally require you to complete your suspension sentence, take a defensive driving course or other traffic class, and get an SR-22 from your insurance company. An SR-22 is a document that your insurance company files on your behalf. It confirms you're carrying at least the minimum coverage required by the state.
You'll also have to pay a reinstatement fee, which varies by state. In Connecticut, for instance, that fee is $175. In many states, the reinstatement fee depends on the reason for suspension. For example, it costs more money in Nevada to reinstate your license if you lost it for an alcohol- or drug-related offense.
Many of the logistics of driver's license suspension are state-specific, but if you keep yourself on the right side of the law, chances are you won't have to worry about a suspended license running you off the road.