Its that time of year again where students across the country load up the car and head back to college. Should the car stay with the students or return back home with their parents? There are many college towns, but not all of them are great for keeping a car. We evaluated college towns around the nation to find out which were the best and worst for keeping a car. Some of our findings include our estimated $6,538 price tag that comes with maintaining a fully insured car at school. Beside price however, there are several other factors to consider when keeping a car on campus. Is it safe? Is it even convenient? In this study we combine those questions to find which college/college towns are the best and worst for keeping a car.
For our analysis we looked at 14 different factors which we then grouped into three greater categories based on price, safety, and convenience. The balance of these factors could give us a good approximation on any university's car "culture". While one college may be very affordable, it's possible that a high occurrence of inclement weather or car thefts will make that school less safe for student drivers. A school that has a poor parking situation would also be impacted in the "convenience" section of our rankings. For the full list of the schools we analyzed, see below.
The Best Colleges and Towns to Have Your Car
1. Harrisonburg, VA
James Madison University
2. Logan, UT
Utah State University}
3. Statesboro, Georgia
Georgia Southern University
4. Ames, IA
Iowa State University
5. St. Cloud, MN
Saint Cloud State University
The best colleges usually excel in one or two of the three main factors, and do relatively well in the third. James Madison University is number one due to the marriage of low cost car insurance, gas and parking with a student population which drives frequently. Fair weather and only one reported car theft also helped give the school a high safety rating.
The Worst Colleges and Towns to Have Your Car
1. Ann Arbor, MI
University of Michigan
2. Seattle, WA
University of Washington
3. Philadelphia, PA
University of Pennsylvania and Drexel University
4. Milwaukee, WI
5. East Lansing, MI
Michigan State University
The worst colleges to bring your car are ones located in big cities, or in the case of Michigan, places with tough weather and high car insurance costs. While UM is known nationwide for its storied football program and intensive academics, it not such a great place to take your car as a student. Bad weather, poor roads, and several car thefts make it the least safe college for drivers. University City in Philadelphia is home to University of Pennsylvania and Drexel, where city parking is quite bad (and expensive), as well as making car insurance costs the highest in our analysis.
The Full List of Colleges and Towns
|Harrisonburg, VA||James Madison University||10||23||10||1|
|Logan, UT||Utah State University||38||1||7||2|
|Statesboro, GA||Georgia Southern University||39||14||2||3|
|Ames, IA||Iowa State University||5||35||25||4|
|St. Cloud, MN||St. Cloud State University||25||23||17||5|
|Charleston, IL||Eastern Illinois University||27||17||27||6|
|Provo, UT||Brigham Young University||28||3||43||7|
|Flagstaff, AZ||Northern Arizona University||37||8||33||8|
|Vermillion, SD||University of South Dakota||8||54||18||9|
|Auburn, AL||Auburn University||9||66||6||10|
|Tuscaloosa, AL||University of Alabama||11||56||15||11|
|Laramie, WY||University of Wyoming||29||39||22||12|
The Best (and Worst) in Each of the Categories
We take a closer look at the three main categories to see which college towns ranked the highest and lowest in each.
The first group of factors we looked at was price. How much will it take to keep a car at school? The first variable is car insurance. We made the assumption students would opt for full coverage in the state which they go to school. The price reflects the average for a male and female 20 year old driver. Other cost factors included the price of a year's worth of gas, the average cost of repairs in the state, and the cost of a parking permit at the school.
|1||Boone, NC||Appalachian State||$3,278|
|2||Cullowhee, NC||Western Carolina||$3,312|
|3||Winston-Salem, NC||Wake Forest||$3,347|
|4||Chapel Hill, NC||UNC: Chapel Hill||$3,420|
|5||Ames, IA||Iowa State||$4,524|
|1||Philadelphia, PA||UPenn/ Drexel||$12,394|
|3||Houghton, MI||Michigan Tech||$9,938|
|4||Kalamazoo, MI||Western Michigan||$9,172|
|5||Ann Arbor, MI||U of Mich.||$9,155|
The next factor was safety. Within this group we looked at data showing how each town and state stacked up against factors such as the prevalence of impaired driving, thefts, fatalities, and poor road conditions due to inclement weather. Generally, northern and mid-western schools scored worse due to the higher weight we assigned to the poor weather metric. On the other hand, sunny south western schools performed better. Schools from Utah however, got a boost in our rankings due to a smaller number of teen fatalities and drunk drivers.
|1||Logan, UT||Utah State||62|
|2||Goleta, CA||UC: Santa Barbara||75|
|3||Provo, UT||Brigham Young||76|
|4||Los Angeles, CA||USC||78|
|5||Salt Lake City, UT||U of Utah||79|
|1||Ann Arbor, MI||U of Michigan||291|
|2||Lexington, KY||U of Kentucky||281|
|3||East Lansing, MI||Michigan State||278|
|4||Akron, OH||U of Akron||277|
The last category was "convenience". Many schools come from a city or have a campus where it is not necessary to drive. Other schools have such bad parking situations that it may not be feasible to use a car. To measure this, we looked at the percent of the student population which actually commutes, the average commute time, the quality of parking on-campus, and the quality of roads. Schools like UC Berkeley have a low percentage of students who use a car, but still have a bad parking situation, causing them to have a low convenience ranking.
|1||Grand Forks, ND||U of North Dakota||60|
|2||Statesboro, GA||Georgia Southern||84|
|4||Columbia, SC||U of South Carolina||90|
|5||Tallahassee, FL||Florida State||90.2|
|1||Berkeley, CA||UC Berkeley||360|
|2||Santa Cruz, CA||UC Santa Cruz||344|
|3||Philadelphia, PA||UPenn/ Drexel University||337|
|4||Madison, WI||U of Wisconsin||332|
|5||Seattle, WA||U of Washington||331|
In this study we evaluated 14 discrete quantifiable factors that were most closely related to students' consideration of driving at school. We divided them into three qualitative ones, and used the conjoined rankings to form one "master" ranking of the best college towns to have a car. Below we break down how we approached each of the factors.
What Constituted a College Town?
For this study we looked only at "true" college towns. To find "true" towns, we looked at census data and found zip codes where more than 50% of the population was enrolled in college, as well as populations where more than 20% of the population was between the ages of 20 and 24. These parameters allowed us to narrow down the list of college towns to the 105 we list in the study above.
This factor was made up of the cumulative cost brought on by car insurance, gas prices, the average cost of repairs, and operating costs caused by poor road conditions,
This cost was found by getting rates from several companies in the zip codes associated with each of the college towns. If there were multiple zip codes, the ones with the highest density of college students was chosen. We found rates for a 20 year old male and female driver with clean driving records, driving a 2011 Toyota Camry. We made the assumption that students would opt for full coverage, and that they would not stay on their parents' plan.
Gas prices were taken from the website Gasbuddy.com. To get a cumulative price, we made the assumption of a student getting 20 gallons per week for 36 weeks (about a 9 month school year)
Average Cost of Repairs
This metric was taken from Carmd.com.
The price of parking at each school was taken from Niche.com from their "parking" rankings.
Operating Costs Due to Bad Roads
This data was taken from the 2013 study from the U.S. Department of Transportation. The data is reported at the state level.
This ranking was compiled by taking an average ranking of each college town for the following metrics: Number of young driver deaths per 100,000 people, the number of car thefts on campus, the number of days it rained or snowed above 0.1 inches, percent of adult population which has admitted to driving drunk, and the number of structurally obsolete bridges and tunnels. Some metrics like days of rain and snow were given more weight in the ranking due to it being a more probable safety concern than an obsolete bridge.
Young Driver Deaths
This data was taken from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System FARS. On the state level we found the number of fatal accidents for drivers between the ages 18 and 24 in 2014.
This metric was taken from 2012 data from Uniform Crime Reporting and gave the number of car thefts on each campus.
Days of Rain and Snow
This data was compiled from the National Centers of Environmental Information. We found the number of days each town experienced more than 0.1 inches of precipitation (rain or snow).
Percent of Adult Population Which Has Admitted to Drinking and Driving
This data was taken from a 2012 study by the CDC. The percent reflects the adult population in each state.
This factor measured how useful and easy it would be to have a car at school. The final ranking consists of the percent of students who actually use a car at school, the ease of parking at the school, the average commute time, and the percent of bad roads in the state.
Ease of Parking
This data was taken once more from Niche.com and its parking rankings.
Percent of Students Commuting
We took a look at an Economic Census from American Community Survey at factfinder.census.gov. We looked at the zip codes associated with each town and looked at the percent of the population that commutes via car. A higher number indicated a higher importance for cars at that school, and thus a better ranking.
Average Commute Time
This was taken from the same source as the commuter data. A lower commute time gave a better ranking than a long one.
The Percent of Roads in Poor Condition
This metric was taken also from the U.S. Department of Transportation, and is on the state level rather than the city level.