How do we determine which cities are and are not affordable? The standard of home affordability compares income to housing costs, including mortgage or rent payments, homeowners insurance and utilities. If these expenses exceed 30% of a person's income, they are considered burdened by their housing costs.
We took this information and analyzed the top 20 Michigan cities in terms of population, diving deep into homeowner and renter housing costs.
Housing costs for homeowners did not exceed 20% of the median income in any of the major cities, and according to the standard for home affordability threshold, all cities are therefore affordable. Southfield took the title for the least affordable city, as homeowners pay the highest percentage of their incomes toward housing costs: 19.73%, or $14,328 annually.
One city that ranked as least affordable for renters and owners alike was Flint.
Flint's renters earned a median income of $16,613 and paid, on average, $8,364 for housing annually. That means more than 50% of their income goes toward housing costs, which is the highest percentage in the state. Flint was ranked third as least affordable for homeowners, with 18.65% of their income dedicated to housing. Notably, Flint was also the second-most expensive city for homeowners insurance in the state.
We also explored the most and least affordable college cities in Michigan. Big Rapids was the most affordable for homeowners and Rochester Hills for renters. The least affordable college town was Ypsilanti for homeowners and Houghton for renters.
Most and least affordable cities for homeowners in Michigan
Troy is the most affordable city for homeowners in Michigan, according to our analysis. The annual median income for homeowners in Troy was the highest across the cities we analyzed, at $106,459. However, only 15.61% of income, or $16,620, was spent on housing annually. After Troy came Livonia and Farmington Hills in contention for the most affordable city in Michigan.
Most and least affordable cities for renters in Michigan
The top five most affordable cities in Michigan for renters are all situated in an approximate 25-mile radius around Detroit, with Troy being the most affordable. Renters in Troy spend 21.15% of their incomes on housing costs. Of the top five cities, Sterling Heights actually had the lowest monthly housing cost, of $949 monthly, or $11,388 annually, but due to a lower median income for renters, 26.75% of their income is spent on housing.
The least affordable cities for renters are distributed around the state, with Flint having the highest housing costs compared to annual income. Detroit and its nearby suburb of Dearborn are also expensive for renters. Housing costs in both cities exceed 40% of the annual income for residents.
Affordability of homeownership in Michigan
Housing costs include mortgage payments or rent; utilities such as electricity, gas and water; property taxes; and homeowners insurance, which may include flood insurance. Most of the cities in Michigan that we analyzed were cheaper for renters than homeowners, simply by comparing the median monthly housing costs.
Interestingly enough, it's cheaper to own rather than rent in four cities: Flint, Detroit, Dearborn and Warren.
By the standard for home affordability measure, all major cities in Michigan are affordable for the typical homeowner. In contrast, only 30% of the major cities, or six of the 20 we analyzed, are affordable to the typical renter.
Affordability of college cities in Michigan
The Wolverine State has several major college towns, so which ones are most affordable as owners and renters?
Big Rapids is the most affordable city for homeowners, and Ypsilanti is the least affordable.
However, this does not hold true for renters. The most affordable option for renters is Rochester Hills, as residents paid only 27.43% of their incomes toward housing. Even though monthly housing costs are highest for renters, the median income was double most of the other college towns we analyzed. Because of these reasons, Rochester Hills is the most affordable housing option for renters.
Houghton is least affordable for renters, as 50.97% of their incomes go toward housing costs annually. However, homeowners in Houghton only pay 16.42% of their income toward housing, and Houghton is ranked the fifth-cheapest city in Michigan for home insurance.
The University of Michigan, located in the college town of Ann Arbor, had one of the more affordable options for renters compared to other college towns across the state. Renters paid only 34.79% of their income toward housing costs annually.
We analyzed population and housing cost data from the Census Bureau's American FactFinder database. The 20 major Michigan cities included in our analysis have a population of more than 70,000 as of the 2010 Census.
More information pertaining to Standard Home Affordability can be found here.
Annual homeowner income
Homeowner housing costs
Annual renter income
Renter housing costs
|Canton Charter Township||$102,623||$1,465||17.13%||$52,644||$1,093||24.91%|
|Clinton Charter Township||$64,002||$953||17.87%||$33,492||$885||31.71%|
Housing costs represent the median amount spent per month. Affordability is determined by comparing annual housing costs and income. * Represents cities included in college town analysis