Health Insurance

Who Pays More for Health Care in Michigan? A Comparison of Business and Individual Health Insurance

In Michigan, an individual health insurance policy is 86% more expensive than the monthly premium for a small group plan.

Depending on the size of your business, as an employer, you may be required by law to provide qualified health insurance to your employees. However, employees who do not get health insurance through a job will need to purchase an individual health policy. For individuals, families and business owners, health insurance premiums can be a large burden to one's expenses.

During 2017, in Michigan, health premiums accounted for 36% of an individual's median household income. Therefore, it is vital to try and seek out where you can save money and compare health insurance to find the best policy at the cheapest available price.

ValuePenguin along with Wellthie, a specialist in the small group health insurance industry, analyzed health insurance plans in Michigan to identify the difference in premiums for small group and individual health policies.

Key findings

Individual health insurance plans on average are $271 more expensive per month compared to a small group policy premium.

Individual health insurance is available for purchase through a state marketplace if you currently do not receive coverage through an employer or through a federal health insurance program like Medicaid. A marketplace policy is paid for entirely by the individual. Therefore, it can typically make the policy more expensive than a group policy, for which a person would only pay a portion of the total premium.

In the table below, you can notice these differences in health insurance premiums. For example, the largest discrepancy can be seen in Gold tier plans, which were 111% more expensive for individual policies compared to group health insurance plans.

However, you may be able to receive some premium subsidies on individual policies if your income falls below the federal poverty level. You can see if you qualify through the Michigan health insurance marketplace.

Metal tierIndividual health insurance premiumSmall group health insurance premium
Bronze$429$252
Silver$615$302
Gold$706$334
Platinum$667$374

In this study, we have decided to use an employer-to-employee contribution ratio of 70%. This is an industry average for health insurance and means that an employer would be responsible for paying 70% of the monthly premiums, while employees would pay the remaining 30%. This is represented in the graph as the light blue (employer) and blue (employee) columns.

As you can see below, the employees will find that their health insurance costs will be significantly cheaper through small group policies compared to individual. For example, an individual Gold plan will be $605 more expensive for the employee compared to his or her share of the small group health insurance premium. Furthermore, on average, an individual plan will be 539% more expensive compared to the small group premium for the employee.

Average Health Insurance Premiums by Metal Tier

In Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Kent and Genesee, employees will pay on average $518 less for their group health plan compared to getting health insurance through the Michigan marketplace.

The gap between group and individual health insurance costs widens when analyzing policies in the largest populated counties of Michigan. Across Bronze, Silver and Gold, an individual health insurance plan will be 137% more expensive than a group policy of the same metal tier. Platinum individual health insurance policies were not offered in the five largest counties of Michigan and thus were not used as part of the analysis.

Average Health Insurance Premiums by Metal Tier (5 Counties)

Small group health insurance monthly premiums in 2019 reach $315 on average; 3% higher than the cost in 2018.

Small business owners saw a slight increase in their per employee group health insurance costs from 2018 to 2019. The largest increase occurred in Bronze health insurance group policies, which saw a monthly premium increase of $18 or $216 over the course of a year.

Average Small Group Health Insurance

The least significant year-over-year change can be seen in Gold health insurance policies, which only increased by 0.46% since 2018. Employers should take note of this as the most common policy offered in Michigan is the Gold tier health insurance plan — with an average of 121 Gold policies offered in each county.

Metal tierPercentage change since 2018
Bronze7.58%
Silver1.57%
Gold0.46%
Platinum2.92%

Deductibles for small group plans increased by 2% from 2018 to 2019.

Besides premiums, deductibles can vary greatly depending on the tier. Furthermore, deductibles will have a direct affect on how much an employee will have to pay for health insurance. Therefore, employers should analyze deductibles and decide what will be valuable for workers. For example, by providing a high tier plan like Gold, employees will not have to spend as much money out of pocket and will instead gain access to coinsurance benefits more quickly.

The largest increase in deductibles occurred in Gold health policies, which spiked 12% year over year.

Metal tier20182019
Bronze$6,098$6,146
Silver$3,579$3,835
Gold$1,697$1,908
Platinum$1,165$902

Complete rankings of counties in Michigan and the average and group health insurance premiums.

CountyAverage Individual Premium% Change from Individual AverageAverage Group Premium% Change from Group Average
Alcona$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Alger$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Allegan$585.00-0.16%$305.02-3.30%
Alpena$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Antrim$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Arenac$557.15-4.91%$285.83-9.38%
Baraga$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Barry$585.00-0.16%$305.02-3.30%
Bay$549.06-6.29%$283.02-10.27%
Benzie$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Berrien$622.736.28%$330.344.73%
Branch$621.156.01%$319.271.22%
Calhoun$597.421.96%$316.030.19%
Cass$627.157.04%$328.854.26%
Charlevoix$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Cheboygan$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Chippewa$593.211.24%$335.456.35%
Clare$565.14-3.55%$324.572.90%
Clinton$545.68-6.87%$311.45-1.26%
Crawford$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Delta$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Dickinson$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Eaton$545.68-6.87%$311.45-1.26%
Emmet$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Genesee$478.62-18.31%$270.21-14.33%
Gladwin$565.14-3.55%$324.572.90%
Gogebic$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Grand Traverse$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Gratiot$586.880.16%$292.66-7.22%
Hillsdale$598.322.12%$311.80-1.15%
Houghton$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Huron$566.19-3.37%$290.28-7.97%
Ingham$553.79-5.49%$311.45-1.26%
Ionia$550.30-6.08%$295.84-6.21%
Iosco$548.96-6.31%$300.39-4.76%
Iron$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Isabella$591.811.00%$320.821.71%
Jackson$621.106.00%$315.02-0.13%
Kalamazoo$586.310.07%$315.450.01%
Kalkaska$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Kent$538.48-8.10%$296.71-5.93%
Keweenaw$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Lake$570.71-2.60%$299.50-5.05%
Lapeer$514.08-12.26%$281.07-10.89%
Leelanau$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Lenawee$603.523.00%$315.35-0.02%
Livingston$586.300.06%$312.19-1.02%
Luce$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Mackinac$593.211.24%$335.456.35%
Macomb$466.61-20.36%$259.11-17.85%
Manistee$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Marquette$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Mason$570.71-2.60%$299.50-5.05%
Mecosta$570.71-2.60%$299.50-5.05%
Menominee$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Midland$565.14-3.55%$324.572.90%
Missaukee$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
Monroe$515.12-12.08%$274.23-13.06%
Montcalm$544.23-7.12%$295.52-6.31%
Montmorency$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Muskegon$580.15-0.99%$296.30-6.06%
Newaygo$570.71-2.60%$299.50-5.05%
Oakland$466.61-20.36%$259.11-17.85%
Oceana$570.71-2.60%$299.91-4.92%
Ogemaw$546.92-6.66%$306.69-2.77%
Ontonagon$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Osceola$570.71-2.60%$299.50-5.05%
Oscoda$546.92-6.66%$316.920.48%
Otsego$548.96-6.31%$316.920.48%
Ottawa$565.30-3.52%$296.71-5.93%
Presque Isle$548.96-6.31%$317.220.57%
Roscommon$546.92-6.66%$306.69-2.77%
Saginaw$549.06-6.29%$283.02-10.27%
Saint Clair$580.21-0.97%$271.41-13.95%
Saint Joseph$602.982.91%$328.854.26%
Sanilac$563.31-3.86%$290.28-7.97%
Schoolcraft$744.1927.01%$389.8723.60%
Shiawassee$526.28-10.18%$279.36-11.43%
Tuscola$566.19-3.37%$290.28-7.97%
Van Buren$588.200.39%$324.342.83%
Washtenaw$545.88-6.84%$312.19-1.02%
Wayne$467.10-20.28%$263.04-16.61%
Wexford$536.07-8.51%$287.13-8.97%
State Average$585.930.00%$315.420.00%

Methodology

ValuePenguin, in conjunction with Wellthie, researched and compiled quotes for both small group and individual health insurance policies from the state marketplace in Michigan. Wellthie is an online small group benefits marketplace that allows a business owner to connect and interact with many carriers and brokers. Here they can find a benefit program that can be tailored to their business needs. By being in sync with the small group health industry, Wellthie has in-depth knowledge and can provide some of the most accurate quotes available.

The quotes and plans in this study were generated from the 2019 plan year for a single individual and then averaged depending on the metal tier of coverage. For all employer-employee contribution calculations, an industry standard of a 70% contribution from the employer was used. In calculating the largest counties in Michigan, we used Census Intercensal County Population Data to determine which were the most populated.

Sterling Price

Sterling Price is a junior research analyst at ValuePenguin specializing in health and life insurance. He graduated from Syracuse University with a bachelors degree in Finance and Accounting and has previous experience as a licensed life insurance representative.

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It has not been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.