by Susan Gulliford
You do not have to be rich to live in a safe city in Iowa. That is the major takeaway from the ValuePenguin team’s analysis of the FBI Crime Report for The Hawkeye State. Iowa recorded a median household income of $52,716, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. Two of the safest cities had median household incomes below that level while two communities had median household incomes slightly above that figure. Only one city was affluent, defined as having a median household income 50% higher than the state’s median.
These 74 cities had crime scores that range from 257 to 4,229. The average crime score for a city in Iowa was 1,444. You can read the full report here.
5 Safest Places in Iowa
These cities have an average final crime score of 328, which is 77% lower than their typical peer in the state. These five are the safest places in Iowa.
1. Orange City
This small city of 6,211 in northwest Iowa takes the number one spot. Orange City achieved the third-lowest rate of violent crime and the second-lowest rate of property crime. In fact, its crime score was 82% lower than its peer in Iowa. The city is extremely proud of its Dutch heritage and wants to "welkom!" you to its huge tulip festival. Orange City had a median household income 18% higher than the median for Iowa and only 7.8% of its residents lived in poverty.
This city of approximately 5,900 is 39 miles north of Cedar Rapids. The 10 officers, one K9 officer and the three reserve officers of the police department work to keep crime low. Independence had the fifth-lowest rate of violent crime and the fourth-lowest rate of property crime. Its median household income was very close to the median for Iowa ($51,169 for Independence versus $52,716 for Iowa).
The Quad Cities is a four-county metro area of 400,000 people flanking the Mississippi river. This Quad Cities suburb, slightly over nine miles from Davenport, Ia., earns third place in this research. It had the lowest rate of property crime. The median household income was close to the median for Iowa ($56,154 for Eldridge versus $52,716 for Iowa); however, Eldridge had a much lower percentage of persons living in poverty (4.6% for Eldridge versus 12.2% for Iowa).
The smallest city in the top five (population 5,051), Shenandoah is over 60 miles from Omaha, NE. It had the fourth-lowest rate of violent crime. This southwest Iowa city touts 18 parks that residents and their families can use for recreation. Shenandoah shows that a city does not necessarily have to be rich in order to be safe. The median household income was 22% lower than the median for Iowa, and Shenandoah had a higher percentage of people living in poverty than the state overall (19.7%).
This suburb of Des Moines, Ia., rounds out the top five. Norwalk achieved the lowest rate of violent crime of any community in this study. It is the only city from the mid-size category to make the top five. Norwalk is no stranger to national recognition. U.S. News & World Report ranked Norwalk Senior High School as the seventh best high school in Iowa. This city is affluent; the median household income was 53% higher than the median for Iowa, and Norwalk had an extremely low level of poverty (1.3% for Norwalk compared to 12.2% for Iowa).
Although we adjusted for population in our crime rankings, it is still difficult to compare a small town to a large city. To account for this fact, we separated the safest cities into three categories: towns with populations between 5,000 and 8,000, midsize cities with populations between 8,000 and 20,000, and larger cities with populations greater than 20,000. Here are our findings:
Full List of Places in Iowa
Below is the entire list of places that we included in our "Safest Places in Iowa" study. They are listed from the safest to the least safe, according to our analysis. The calculation for the crime scores can be found in the methodology section below. Take a look at the graph and see where your hometown ranks.
People want to live in a consistently safe community. One place, Orange City, stands out from the rest of the cities in Iowa. It was the only city to make the top five in both 2015 and 2016.
There were significant changes from 2015 to 2016. Last year, mid-size cities took four out of the top five places. The top five for 2016 consists of four small cities and one mid-size place.
Due to population growth, Johnston moved to the large city category in 2016. It achieved the safest large city designation, and Johnston ranked eighth overall. Last year’s safest large city, Ankeny, moved to number two for 2016.
To rank these places, we collected data from the 2014 FBI crime statistics by city, which provides the most recent crime data available. Not every town participates in this report and we also excluded towns with fewer than 5,000 residents because towns with small populations are more sensitive to crime score fluctuations for fewer crimes committed. The raw data report included property crimes (burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson), and violent crimes (murder/manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault) from all law enforcement agencies that chose to partake in the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting program.
We standardized the data to reflect violent and property crimes per 100,000, to account for population. Then, we aggregated a "crime score" by weighting violent crime at 80% and property crime at 20%. Though property crime is more prevalent, we figured that violent crime is more concerning to town residents. Then we adjusted the crime score for population size, giving more slack to larger cities. Finally, we ranked the cities based on their crime scores.
Here is an alphabetical table of all cities included with their ranks, making it easier to compare different cities. See where your city lies!
Violent Crime per 100K
Property Crime per 100K